Leptospirosis

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We might have heard the name of Leptospirosis at some time in or life. We know that it is a disease, but mainly it is an infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria causing this infection are basically corkscrew shaped and they are called Leptospira. The signs and symptoms of this disease vary from person to person as everyone functions differently.

The body reactions of every person are different to the disease and infections. The symptoms commonly observed and found are headaches, fevers, sore muscles with sever pain in them. This
the infection has further been sub categorized on the basis of its intensity and the damage it is causing an individual.

If a person starts to turn yellow, face some sort of kidney failure and has excessive bleeding as a result of this infection as a result of this disease, then the patient is said to be suffering from Weil’s disease. If this disease causes the person to face a large amount of bleeding from the lungs, then the person is said to be suffering from sever
pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome.

The Leptospira bacteria are said to have various types, but usually, there are 13 of them which are said to cause many harmful diseases in a human body. The main transfer source of these bacteria is both domestic and wild animals. The most common known cause of this disease is rodents and it is also said that animal urine is the main source of transfer of this type of disease. If a person comes in contact with some soil which has already been contaminated by animal urine through his skin or hands, then in this case he is likely to catch the disease.

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Symptoms

As mentioned earlier, the symptoms of this disease vary. You will come across many people who have been infected by this disease but may not be showing any sort of visible symptoms. The common symptoms shown up include the fever as the primary effect and it is followed by headache, body pain, skin rash, red eye and chills. The signs and symptoms decide to show up after a time of 7-12 days has passed after incubation.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this disease is simple as it is found in blood and other body fluids. It is present there for the first 7 – 10 days and then later on with the progression in time, they decide to move down to the kidney area and start to infect it. If you take a sample of fresh urine even after 7 – 10 days of microorganism move to the kidneys, you will successfully find their bacteria in the urine.

To diagnose this disease in particular, kidney function tests accompanied by blood tests are performed. The levels of the disease can be found as normal, even within children. The main changes observe some of the changes in ALT, AST, and GGT.

To confirm the presence of this disease and diagnose it correctly, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is taken. The diagnostic tests found for this disease vary because of the variation in symptoms in different individuals. Since the level goes on higher for this disease from middle to high, the effects caused by this disease go on moving severe which can even include dengue fever and other types of fevers including malaria and typhoid.

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Prevention

To avoid yourselves from getting this disease, you can intake doxycycline to minimize all sorts of infections during the season they are possible to outbreak. Other recommendations have also been made for the individuals who are traveling to risky areas for short stay.